Volume 14, Issue 2 (Summer-Fall 2020)                   IJOP 2020, 14(2): 143-154 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rafieipour P, Ghasempour Ardakani A. The Effects of External Scattering on the Improvement of Random Lasers. IJOP. 2020; 14 (2) :143-154
URL: http://ijop.ir/article-1-413-en.html
1- Department of Physics, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (777 Views)
The random laser (RL) emission characteristics can be improved by many different routes including either the material processing or optimizing the concentration of the relevant constituents. These routes can be very hard and even not practical in many cases, leaving us with the search of new schemes for the externally improvement of the random laser performance. In this paper, we suggest a simple approach for the externally enhancement of the random laser emission properties that can be applied in any designed transparent random lasing structures with single mode or multi-mode emission. This approach is based on using an adhesive tape in order to introduce an external scattering medium to the lasing structure and also return back the amplified leaking photons. For our investigated sample with nonresonant feedback, it is demonstrated that the emission intensity can be increased by a factor of 4.2 and the random laser threshold can be decreased by a factor of 1.8.
Full-Text [PDF 2161 kb]   (394 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/06/1 | Revised: 2021/01/2 | Accepted: 2021/01/14 | Published: 2021/05/20

1. N.M. Lawandy, R.M. Balachandran, A.S.L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature, Vol. 368, pp. 436-438, 1994. [DOI:10.1038/368436a0]
2. H. Cao, Y.G. Zhao, S.T. Ho, E.W. Seelig, Q.H. Wang, and R.P.H. Chang, "Random laser action in semiconductor powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. 82, pp. 2278-2281, 1998. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.2278]
3. W.L. Sha, C.H. Liu, and R.R. Alfano, "Spectral and temporal measurements of laser action of Rhodamine 640 dye in strongly scattering media," Opt. Lett. Vol. 19, pp. 1922-1924, 1994. [DOI:10.1364/OL.19.001922]
4. R.M. Balachandran, N.M. Lawandy, and J.A. Moon, "Theory of laser action in scattering gain media," Opt. Lett. Vol. 22, pp. 319-321, 1997. [DOI:10.1364/OL.22.000319]
5. H. Cao, "Lasing in random media," Waves Random Media, Vol. 13, pp. R1-R39, 2003. [DOI:10.1088/0959-7174/13/3/201]
6. M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, "The mode-locking transition of random lasers," Nature Photon. Vol. 5, pp. 615-617, 2011. [DOI:10.1038/nphoton.2011.217]
7. M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, "Dynamics of phase-locking random lasers," Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 88, pp. 043834 (1-5), 2013. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevA.88.043834]
8. H. Cao, J.Y. Xu, D.Z. Zhang, S.H. Chang, S.T. Ho, E.W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R.P.H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. 84, pp. 5584-5587, 2000. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.5584]
9. H. Cao, J.Y. Xu, S.H. Chang, and S.T. Ho, "Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 61, pp. 1985-1989, 2000. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevE.61.1985]
10. H. Cao, Y.G. Zhao, H.C. Ong, S.T. Ho, J.Y. Dai, J.Y. Yu, and R.P.H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 73, pp. 3656-3658, 1998. [DOI:10.1063/1.122853]
11. G.D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A.Y. Elezzabi, "Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticle-dye random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 86, pp. 131105 (1-3), 2005. [DOI:10.1063/1.1894590]
12. A.K. Augustine, P. Radhakrishnan, V.P.N. Nampoori, and M. Kailasnath, "Enhanced random lasing from a colloidal CdSe quantum dot-Rh6G system," Laser Phys. Lett. Vol. 12, pp. 025006 (1-4), 2015. [DOI:10.1088/1612-2011/12/2/025006]
13. C.J.S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A.M. Brito-Silva, M.A. Martinez-G'amez, A.S.L. Gomes, and C.B. de Ara'ujo, "Random fiber laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. 99, pp. 153903 (1-4), 2007. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.153903]
14. B.H. Hokr, J.N. Bixler, M.T. Cone, J.D. Mason, H.T. Beier, G.D. Noojin, G.I. Petrov, L.A. Golovan, R.J. Thomas, B.A. Rockwell, and V.V. Yakovlev, "Bright emission from a random Raman laser," Nat. Comm. Vol. 5, pp. 4356 (1-5), 2014. [DOI:10.1038/ncomms5356]
15. X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, "Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 91, pp. 251109 (1-3), 2007. [DOI:10.1063/1.2826543]
16. B. Redding, M.A. Choma, and H. Cao, "Spatial coherence of random laser emission," Opt. Lett. Vol. 36, pp. 3404-3406, 2011. [DOI:10.1364/OL.36.003404]
17. F. Luan, B. Gu, A.S.L. Gomes, K. Yong, S. Wen, and P.N. Prasad, "Lasing in nano-composite random media," Nano Today, Vol. 10, pp. 168-192, 2015. [DOI:10.1016/j.nantod.2015.02.006]
18. P.I. Pincheria, A.F. Silva, S.I. Fewo, S.J. Carreño, A.L. Moura, E.P. Raposo, and C.B. de Araújo, "Observation of photonic paramagnetic to spin-glass transition in a specially designed TiO2 particle-based dye-colloidal random laser," Opt. Lett. Vol. 41, pp. 3459-3462, 2016. [DOI:10.1364/OL.41.003459]
19. D. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Ma, "Random lasing emission from a red fluorescent dye doped polystyrene film containing dispersed polystyrene nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 91, pp. 091115 (1-3), 2007. [DOI:10.1063/1.2778550]
20. S. Xiao, T. Li, D. Huang, M. Xu, H. Hu, S. Liu, C. Wang, and T. Yi, "Random laser action from ceramic doped polymer films," J. Modern Opt. Vol. 64, pp. 1289-1297, 2017. [DOI:10.1080/09500340.2017.1285065]
21. B.R. Anderson, G. Ray, and E. Hergen, "Photodegradation and self-healing in a Rhodamine 6G dye and Y2O3 nanoparticle-doped polyurethane random laser," Appl. Phys. B, Vol. 120, pp. 1-12, 2015. [DOI:10.1007/s00340-015-6141-x]
22. B.R. Anderson, G. Ray, and E. Hergen, "Self-healing organic-dye-based random lasers," Opt. lett. Vol. 40, pp. 577-580, 2015. [DOI:10.1364/OL.40.000577]
23. B.R. Anderson, G. Ray, and E. Hergen, "Random lasing and reversible photodegradation in disperse orange 11 dye-doped PMMA with dispersed ZrO2 nanoparticles," J. Opt. Vol. 18, pp. 015403 (1-10), 2015. [DOI:10.1088/2040-8978/18/1/015403]
24. P.C. de Oliveria, J.A. McGreevy, and N.M. Lawandy, "External-feedback effects in high-gain scattering media," Opt. Lett. Vol. 22, pp. 895-897, 1997. [DOI:10.1364/OL.22.000895]
25. H. Cao, Y.G. Zhao, X. Liu, E.W. Seeling, and R.P.H. Chang, "Effects of external feedback on lasing in random media," Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 75, pp. 1213-1215, 1999. [DOI:10.1063/1.124645]
26. C.T. Dominguez, R.L. Maltez, R.M.S. dos Reis, L.S.A. de Melo, C.B. de Araújo, and A.S.L. Gomes, "Dependence of random laser emission on silver nanoparticle density in PMMA films containing rhodamine 6G," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, Vol. 28, pp. 1118-1123, 2011. [DOI:10.1364/JOSAB.28.001118]
27. P. Rafieipour, A.G. Ardakani, and G.M. Parsanasab, "Random lasing emission from FTO and glass substrates coated with dye doped SU-8 epoxy based polymer," Opt. and Laser Tech. Vol. 119, pp. 105602 (1-8), 2019. [DOI:10.1016/j.optlastec.2019.105602]
28. P. Rafieipour and A.G. Ardakani, "Fabrication of mechanical controllable, sticky and flexible random lasers based on double-sided tapes," Physica B: Condensed matter, Vol. 574, pp. 411661 (1-9), 2019. [DOI:10.1016/j.physb.2019.411661]
29. A.S. Wiresma and A. Lagendijk, "Lasing diffusion with gain and random lasers," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 54, pp. 4256-4265, 1996. [DOI:10.1103/PhysRevE.54.4256]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | International Journal of Optics and Photonics

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb